No, Cinco de Mayo Is Not Mexican Independence Day — Here's What It Is

Cinco de Mayo—or the fifth of May—commemorates the Mexican army’s 1862 victory over France at the Battle of Puebla during the Franco-Mexican War (1861-1867). A relatively minor holiday in Mexico, in the United States Cinco de Mayo has evolved into a celebration of Mexican culture and heritage, particularly in areas with large Mexican-American populations. Cinco de Mayo traditions include parades, mariachi music performances and street festivals in cities and towns across Mexico and the United States.

In 1861 the liberal Mexican Benito Juárez (1806-1872) became president of a country in financial ruin, and he was forced to default on his debts to European governments. In response, France, Britain and Spain sent naval forces to Veracruz to demand reimbursement. Britain and Spain negotiated with Mexico and withdrew, but France, ruled by Napoleon III (1808-1873), decided to use the opportunity to carve a dependent empire out of Mexican territory. Late in 1861, a well-armed French fleet stormed Veracruz, landing a large French force and driving President Juárez and his government into retreat.

Certain that success would come swiftly, 6,000 French troops under General Charles Latrille de Lorencez (1814-1892) set out to attack Puebla de Los Angeles, a small town in east-central Mexico. From his new headquarters in the north, Juárez rounded up a rag-tag force of 2,000 loyal men—many of them either indigenous Mexicans or of mixed ancestry—and sent them to Puebla. Led by Texas-born General Ignacio Zaragoza (1829-1862), the vastly outnumbered and poorly supplied Mexicans fortified the town and prepared for the French assault. On May 5, 1862, Lorencez drew his army, well provisioned and supported by heavy artillery, before the city of Puebla and led an assault from the north. The battle lasted from daybreak to early evening, and when the French finally retreated they had lost nearly 500 soldiers. Fewer than 100 Mexicans had been killed in the clash.

Although not a major strategic win in the overall war against the French, Zaragoza’s success at Puebla represented a great symbolic victory for the Mexican government and bolstered the resistance movement. Six years later—thanks in part to military support and political pressure from the United States, which was finally in a position to aid its besieged neighbor after the end of the Civil War—France withdrew. The same year, Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, who had been installed as emperor of Mexico by Napoleon in 1864, was captured and executed by Juárez’s forces. Puebla de Los Angeles was renamed for General Zaragoza, who died of typhoid fever months after his historic triumph there. - History.com

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Exclusive! The First Look At Fred Olen Ray's "Dy-no-mite!" Monster Flick SUPER SHARK ATTACK"

Logan's Run Remake Update - Logan 5 And Jessica 6 In 3D?

Popular posts from this blog

Logan's Run Remake Update - Logan 5 And Jessica 6 In 3D?

Exclusive! The First Look At Fred Olen Ray's "Dy-no-mite!" Monster Flick SUPER SHARK ATTACK"

Geek-O-Rama: Waste Not Want Not

Hailey Clauson, Ashley Graham and Ronda Rousey A Sports Illustrated Swimsuit First! Three Covers; Three Cover Models

Geek-O-Rama: Throwing It All Away

What Are Celebrities Doing For Halloween? - Part 1

A Gallery Of Sexy Halloween Costumes For 2015!

A Gallery Of Great Horror Comic Book Covers Just In Time For Halloween!

The Star Wars Report: Dancing In The Street

Popular posts from this blog

Sexy Model Bettie Page Notorious Erotic Pin Up Goddess

"The Brain That Wouldn't Die" Being Remade In Oregon - First Images

Wonder Woman (1942-1986 1st Series DC) #191, December 1970 Issue - DC Comics

Godzilla 2: First Set Photos ... More Monsters?

Notice To Godzilla Fans In Japan

UFO - Fighting Aliens In A Super Sexy Future!

Top of the morning to ye today everyone is a little bit Irish

Hailey Clauson, Ashley Graham and Ronda Rousey A Sports Illustrated Swimsuit First! Three Covers; Three Cover Models

A Gallery Of Sexy Halloween Costumes For 2015!

What Are Celebrities Doing For Halloween? - Part 1